How to Make a Sworn Statement: A Comprehensive Guide


When it comes to legal matters, a sworn statement, or “declaración jurada” in Spanish, is a crucial document that can have significant implications. Whether you are involved in a court case, applying for a visa, or dealing with any other legal situation, understanding how to make a sworn statement is essential. In this article, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to make a sworn statement, along with valuable insights and examples to help you navigate this process effectively.

What is a Sworn Statement?

A sworn statement is a written document in which an individual declares certain facts to be true under penalty of perjury. It is a legally binding statement that carries the same weight as if the person were testifying under oath in a court of law. Sworn statements are commonly used in various legal proceedings, including court cases, immigration applications, and insurance claims.

Why are Sworn Statements Important?

Sworn statements play a crucial role in legal proceedings for several reasons:

  • They provide a formal record of the facts as stated by the individual making the statement.
  • They can be used as evidence in court to support or refute claims.
  • They help ensure that individuals are held accountable for the accuracy of their statements.
  • They serve as a deterrent against providing false or misleading information.

Step-by-Step Guide: How to Make a Sworn Statement

Now that we understand the importance of sworn statements, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of creating one:

Step 1: Understand the Purpose

Before making a sworn statement, it is crucial to understand the purpose and context in which it will be used. This will help you gather the necessary information and ensure that your statement is relevant and accurate.

Step 2: Format the Document

When creating a sworn statement, it is important to follow a specific format to ensure its validity. The document should typically include the following elements:

  • Heading: Begin the document with a clear heading that states “Sworn Statement” or “Declaración Jurada.”
  • Personal Information: Include your full name, address, contact information, and any other relevant personal details.
  • Statement of Truth: Clearly state that the information provided in the document is true and accurate to the best of your knowledge.
  • Statement of Penalty: Include a statement acknowledging the legal consequences of providing false or misleading information.
  • Date and Signature: Sign and date the document at the end to certify its authenticity.

Step 3: Gather Supporting Evidence

Supporting evidence is crucial to strengthen the credibility of your sworn statement. Gather any relevant documents, photographs, or other evidence that can support the facts you are stating. This evidence can be attached to the sworn statement or referenced within the document.

If you are unsure about any aspect of making a sworn statement, it is advisable to seek legal advice. An attorney can guide you through the process, ensure that your statement is legally sound, and help you understand any potential implications.

Step 5: Review and Revise

Before finalizing your sworn statement, carefully review the document for accuracy, clarity, and completeness. Make any necessary revisions or additions to ensure that the statement effectively conveys the facts you intend to present.

Step 6: Notarize the Document

Notarization adds an extra layer of authenticity to your sworn statement. Visit a notary public or any other authorized individual who can administer oaths and affirmations. Present your document, provide identification if required, and sign the document in the presence of the notary. The notary will then affix their seal or stamp to the document, certifying its authenticity.

Step 7: Retain Copies

After completing the process, make sure to retain copies of the sworn statement for your records. These copies can be used as reference or evidence if needed in the future.

Common Questions about Sworn Statements

Here are some common questions people have about making sworn statements:

Q: Can I make a sworn statement without a lawyer?

A: Yes, you can make a sworn statement without a lawyer. However, it is advisable to seek legal advice, especially if the matter is complex or involves potential legal consequences.

Q: Can a sworn statement be used as evidence in court?

A: Yes, a sworn statement can be used as evidence in court. However, its admissibility and weight as evidence may vary depending on the jurisdiction and specific circumstances of the case.

Q: Can I change my sworn statement after it has been notarized?

A: Generally, it is not recommended to change a sworn statement after it has been notarized. If you need to make changes, consult with an attorney to understand the proper procedure and potential implications.

Q: What happens if I provide false information in a sworn statement?

A: Providing false information in a sworn statement can have serious legal consequences, including perjury charges. It is essential to ensure the accuracy and truthfulness of the information you provide.

Q: How long is a sworn statement valid?

A: The validity of a sworn statement depends on the specific circumstances and the purpose for which it was made. In some cases, a sworn statement may have an expiration date or be valid until the matter is resolved.


Making a sworn statement, or “declaración jurada,” is an important process that requires careful attention to detail and accuracy. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can create a legally binding sworn statement that effectively presents the facts you wish to convey. Remember to seek legal advice if needed, gather supporting evidence, and notarize the document for added authenticity. By understanding the purpose and importance of sworn statements, you can navigate legal proceedings with confidence and ensure that your statements have the necessary impact.



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